A lawsuit seeking reparations and reconstruction to address historic damage caused by the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre has been dismissed.

The case, brought on behalf of the last three survivors of a white mob assault that killed some 300 black Americans in a community often called the «Black Wall Street» of its day, was thrown out by an Oklahoma judge on Friday, according to your record.

Judge Caroline Wall said in her decision that she agreed with the defendants, parties including the state and the city of Tulsa, who have requested the dismissal multiple times. Wall dismissed the suit with prejudice, meaning it cannot be refiled in state court.

The plaintiffs, Lessie Benningfield Randle, Viola Fletcher and Hughes Van Ellis, can still appeal.

Lawyers for them and the defendants, as well as a nonprofit organization associated with the case, did not immediately respond for comment.

Philanthropist Ed Mitzen, who along with his wife, Lisa, gave the trio $1 million last year, expressed disappointment at the layoff, calling it «incredibly sad.»

“Our hearts go out to the survivors and their families,” Mitzen said by email.

Among the defendants’ arguments is that the three plaintiffs suffered no individual adverse effects from the massacre, which has become an example of government-sanctioned racism and violence that has contributed to unequal outcomes for African-Americans.

The massacre probably started as a misunderstanding or a lie. A black boy got into an elevator with a white girl in Tulsa, and after they got out of it, the local newspaper suggested that she had attempted to sexually assault her, an allegation the girl never supported.

Historians have speculated that the boy may have tripped and collided with the girl, given the restrictive regulations and high price of cross-breed relationships at the time.

The newspaper’s editorial page called for a lynching, and the next day the city’s whites marched and rioted, burning 1,200 houses, 60 businesses, a hospital, a school, and a library in the Greenwood district, according to Human Rights Watch.

The riots gutted the heart of the black community, which would never recover to the high days before May 31, 1921.

The lawsuit called it one of the nation’s «worst acts of domestic terrorism.» He argued that plaintiffs like 108-year-old Lessie E. Benningfield Randle, the oldest survivor of the event, suffered personal losses.

In Randle’s case, his grandmother’s house was ransacked and destroyed. One of the keys to the discrepancy between black and white wealth has been intergenerational real estate ownership, with many cases of property destroyed or outright stolen after the Civil War.

In the Tulsa case, attorneys argued in the civil filing: «This brutal and inhumane attack… robbed thousands of African-Americans of the right to self-determination on which they had built this self-sufficient community.»

The plaintiffs have argued that the city, county and state created a public nuisance, or at least stood by when it happened, and then used it to enrich their respective governments. The lawsuit cites apologies from the city’s mayor and an Oklahoma National Guard commander, the latter of whom admitted the troops did nothing to save the community.

The defendants maintain that there is no evidence that the three plaintiffs suffered «individual injuries.» “Tragically, many people lost their businesses, their homes and their very lives in the massacre,” they said in a document filed in December.

The plaintiffs did not attach a dollar amount to the complaint. They have said they want the defendants to rebuild some elements of the community, such as a hospital, and contribute to a survivors’ fund.

The firing is unlikely to stop the growing awareness of their history, a crucial piece of American history that helps explain contemporary disparities.

Mitzen said he appreciated the role of the plaintiffs in the narrative.

“We wanted to meet them, shake their hands, tell them we are sorry for what happened and let them know that their fight was important,” he said. «And when it was time for them to leave this earth, we wanted them to know that their families would be a little better off today than they were yesterday.»